60. Terrestrial globe by G.M. Cassini
Rome, 1790
Giovanni Maria Cassini (XVIII cen.)
wood and papier-mâché covered with printed paper
diameter 35 cm
[Inv. MdS-70]

This globe was made in Bologna using original paper of Cassini, Chierico Regolare Somasco. Geographer and cartographer, but also perspective and architecture carver - one of Giovanni Battista Piranesi’s best disciples - Cassini was one of Italy’s last globe-makers in the XVIIIth century. His globes enjoyed widespread success as too did his Nuovo Atlante geografico delineato sulle ultime osservazioni, published in Rome from 1702 until 1801.
The globe is covered by 12 printed gores, cut off at the 80° latitudes North and South. The poles are covered by a circular disk with a 10° radius. The equator, the tropics, the polar circles and the ecliptic are all drawn. Glued on the horizon of the stand - in polished wood with four small columns - is a colored piece of paper illustrating the zodiac signs and compass card, and with the graduation degree by degree. The title reads as follows:

delineato sulle ultime osservaz.
con i viaggi e nuove scoperte
del Cap. Cook inglese
In Roma presso la calcogafia Cam.le
Gio. M.a Cassini C.R.S. inc.

One of the inscriptions also carries a table presenting the length of the terrestrial great circle in 14 different units.

M. Fiorini (1899), p. 442